It is estimated that between September 1943 and April 1945, some 60,000-70,000 Allied and 150,000 German soldiers died in Italy. Overall Allied casualties during the campaign totaled about 320,000 and the corresponding German figure (excluding those involved in the final surrender) was well...leer más
In 1943 the Allies made their first mass use of Airborne troops in support of the landings on Sicily. By this time the Germans had already ruled out any further mass use of the airborne Fallschirmjäger after Crete, though a huge success the price paid was costly.
In the battle for Florence contact was made by 2nd New Zealand Division for the first time with Tiger tanks in any number. The following are several of the New Zealand antitank gunners' experiences in combating Tiger tanks of special interest during the Battle of Florence. The events described...leer más
Allied forces fought fierce battles up the boot of Italy during World War II. Stalemated at the formidable Gustav Line north of Naples in late 1943, they outflanked it with landings at Anzio and Nettuno, then broke through it with a massive offensive in May 1944. By the fall of 1944, after more...leer más
Allied forces conquered Sicily in the summer of 1943, securing the island by August 17. This defeat precipitated the fall of Fascist Dictator Benito Mussolini, and the new Italian government negotiated an armistice with the Allies. The Allies resolved to intervene in Italy to guarantee this...leer más
May 2015 marked the 71th anniversary of the Battle of Monte Cassino, fought over four main battles between 17 January and 18 May 1944. They saw the Allied Forces involved in some of the most bitter fighting of the Second World War, where steep mountain slopes and...leer más
El 17 de enero de 1944 comenzaba la batalla de Montecassino, donde se enfrentaron 185.000 hombres de los que 74.000 murieron, por eso es considerada como una de las batallas más sangrientas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y la victoria aliada en esta cruenta...leer más
Anzio Beachhead, fourteenth in the series of studies of particular combat operations, is the story of how VI Corps of the American Fifth Army seized and held a strategic position far to the rear of the main fighting front, in the Italian campaign of 1944. Since VI Corps included British as well...leer más
According to FM 3-0, Operations, “initiative is setting or dictating the terms of action throughout the battle.”1 Historically, units that lose the initiative rarely are able to recover and reassert themselves in combat against the enemy.
In the American and British invasion of Anzio,...leer más