The M20 armored utility car was designed as an armored command car and armored personnel carrier/ammunition/cargo carrier on the M8 Greyhound armored car chassis. The vehicle was requested by the Tank Destroyer Command in 1942. The pilot model, designated T26, was finished in February 1943. Beginning in March 1943, it was extensively tested at Camp Hood, Texas. Testing was successful and it was standardized in April 1943 as the M10 armored utility car. However, Tank Destroyer Command already had the M10 gun motor carriage in service and there was concern that there would be confusion between the two vehicle types. Therefore, the M10 armored utility car was redesignated M20. Full scale production began at Ford in July 1943. 3,791 had been built by the time the assembly line closed in June 1945.
The M20 was used by the U.S. Army in the role it was designed for as a command and utility vehicle. It saw service in all theaters. During World War II, M20's were given to the Free French Army under the Lend-Lease program. Post-war, the M20 remained in U.S. service and saw further action in the Korean War. During the post-war period, many M20's were exported to many U.S. allies, with the French Army being the largest user of them.
This 1943 M20 Armored Car #1412-C was manufactured in December of 1943 at the Chicago Ford Plant. Unknown war time history. It was acquired in Jacksonville, North Carolina in the fall of 2014. It may have come from Camp Lejuene Marine Corp base as the owner lived close to the base and had got other vehicles from there. He had three M20s which were partially restored in the early 1980’s. He rented them all for the filming of the (bad) movie “King Kong Lives”. One was destroyed in the production and the other 2 sat unused until his death. His son sold the collection of military vehicles (including Hueys, Ontos, Dueces, etc) and we heard about it here on g503. Once it arrived it took a little over a year to complete.
M20 runs, drives and stops well. Transmission stays in all gears and shifts correctly. High/Low range and front axle engagement works. Steers straight and turns well. Hydraulic clutch works correctly. Sand blasted, primed and painted in Gillespie WWII OD.
- NOS Radiator
- NOS Rubber Self Sealing Fuel Tank (use non ethanol fuel only or it will eat the rubber slowly)
- NOS Fuel sending unit
- NOS Hercules Engine. Engine was completely taken apart and gone over as it had sat inside for decades. New seals, filter, spark plugs, wires, hoses, belts, etc. Hardened valves and seats for modern fuel.
- Runs with original fuel pump. Modern inline filter added. Rebuilt carburetor.
- Water pump rebuilt.
- New clutch
- NOS Generator
- New wiring (correct cloth covered)
- Brake system gone over, NOS Rubber Brake Lines and refurbished master and wheel cylinders.
- Hydraulic clutch system works great, new slave
- All fluids drained and replaced
- New correct seat cushions by Victory Canvas, UK.
- NOS Seatbelt
- SCR 508 radio with MP48 mast and 3 antenna sections
- M49 trolley with 30/50 mount and uncut WWII ring
- Gas sim fire M2HB 50 by IRAC
- Pioneer tools
- Siren works
- Headlights, brake and running lights work (blackout lights not hooked up)
- New Battery
- Clear title, currently registered as antique in Tennessee
- Weight: 12,249 lbs
- Length: 16' 4”
- Width: 8' 3”
- Height: 7' 7”
- Crew: 6
- Armor: Hull front: .75”; Turret front: .75”;
- Primary Weapon: 1x .50-cal M2HB heavy machine gun
- Secondary weapon: Provision for: 5x .30-cal M1 Carbine; 1x 2.36-inch Rocket Launcher (Bazooka) M1A1
- Ammunition: 1,000x .50-cal; 500x .30-cal Carbine: 10x 2.36-inch rockets for M1A1
- Engine: Hercules JXD 6-cylinder, 110-hp
- Fuel Capacity: 56 gallons
- Range: 350-miles
- Speed: 55-mph
MORE INFORMATION AND PICS AT: 1943 Ford M20 Armored Car WWII US Army